Identification: Upperside orange with black markings. Underside of hindwing with rows of metallic silver spots; postmedian spots small and black.
Life History: Males patrol wet areas for females. Eggs are laid singly near host plants. Caterpillars feed on leaves; third-stage caterpillars hibernate.
Wing Span: 1 3/8 - 2 1/8 inches (3.5 - 5.4 cm).
Caterpillar Hosts: Violets including Viola glabella and V. nephrophylla.
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composite flowers, including goldenrod and black-eyed susans.
Habitat: Wet meadows, bogs, marshes.
Range: Central Alaska southeast through Canada south of the taiga; northern United States from central Washington south along Rocky Mountains to northern New Mexico; east to Illinois, Virginia, and Maryland.